What causes a speech sound disorder

What are all the reasons for an articulation disorder? Why do some kids have perfect speech in three years of age while others are difficult to understand at the age of seven? There are several things to consider to get your speech problems fixed.

There are many reasons for the disturbances of articulation. Some children have a hearing loss, intermittent or permanent loss, caused by frequent ear infections. When kids go during the critical period of learning from birth to four years, it is vital that the children should clearly listen to those sounds around them. Even a mild loss can make things hard for the child to distinguish the sounds, making it harder for them to dominate the sounds in his speech. Ear problem of your child could be the cause of 10% of speech disorder. Other children have physical disabilities that prevent them from producing precise articulation. Certainly, the structural differences, such as the cleft palate can provoke problems with articulation or nasality. Some children suffer from a tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) that can be diagnosed, yet prevent them from raising the vocals enough to produce the sounds of the tongue tip, although this is seldom a significant factor.

Problems of neuromuscular disorders, such as cerebral palsy, can disturb the speech control mechanism. These kinds of disturbances are classified as apraxia and dysarthria. The medical term dysarthria is a clinical issue with the speech engine mechanism while the apraxia is an issue with speech coordination.

Children with global growth problems frequently have similar delays in the expansion of language skills and articulation. It is always advisable to consider the mental age of a child to evaluate their language and verbal skills. There is no evident reason for speech problems. Most children with delays in articulation have no other type of disability. In most cases, their skills to dominate language are normal. Their home environs are stimulating and loving, and they are above average children. Although it is advisable that parents give advice and assistance dealing with speech errors of their children, they are in no way to blame.

When a speech pathologist examines a patient, the doctor will consider the likely causes of a disease. These factors that contribute the speech disorder need to be noted or reasoned during the treatment. Ultimately, however, the main focus will be on countermeasure, whether or not any apparent cause.
Children who have problems in uttering or using words are sometimes often called “aphasia. Stuttering is likely the speech disorderliness that causes anxiety among parents. Some experts consider that it is this very anxiety that plays a part in the speech disorder.

This disorder is usually provoked with regards to hesitations in the flow associated with speech, repetitions of facial grimaces, phrases, text or sounds or perhaps tensions. The classification of speech disorders given above is based on symptoms. Under this diagnosing system a child having a physical defect or cleft palate, would be said to have a voice problem, an articulation problem or both. So, book an appointment with your doctor and get your speech problems fixed.

Know different types of speech disorders

If you want to get your speech problems fixed, then you should know more about this disorder. Muteness is the inability to articulate words, usually due to central nervous system disorders, reaching the formulation and coordination of ideas and preventing its transmission in the form of verbal communication. In most cases, the root of hearing problems is due to certain types of brain disorder or other physical factors such as cleft lip, malformations of the mouth and nose, as well as emotional and psychological factors such as autism and more.

From 14 months, children become able to pronounce words with meaning and it is expected that around 3 years they already present a structured language. This chronology is relative, and often the child has their speech “late” for several reasons, including ear problems, and emotional factors (traumas, emotional deprivation, overprotect, wishes granted with readiness or lack of stimulation). In principle, this delay is exceeded after the 4 years. In other cases, the problem becomes a specific disorder of articulation for a few years and is solved via specialized treatment. In school, these children reveal vocabulary deficiency, deficiency in the ability to formulate ideas and retarded development of structuring sentences.

During the preschool stage, it is normal to feel the difficulty of articulating certain sounds, because only around 7 or 8 years the organs of speech are mature enough to produce all the linguistic sounds. The problems of articulation if subdivided in: Dyslalia is the omission, replacement, distortion or adding sounds in the spoken word. Dysarthria: an articulation problem which manifests itself in the form of difficulty to perform some or many of the movements required to utter words. This is the condition when your child”s speech is slow and dragged, showing sound breaks, involving rhythm and intonation, especially in times of stress or fatigue. Language disorder is a problem of articulation and phonation also in keeping children’s language during emotional talks, which can result in psychological problems for the child, being encouraged by adults who think the “talks funny”. Nasal disturbance is characterized by nasal resonance greater than or less than the correct pattern of speech. It can be caused by problems in the nasal passages, by adenoid, cleft lip or cleft palate, causing emotional problems because the child is ridiculed by colleagues that mimic.

Problems of phonation are related to small changes in their characteristics (Cadence, inflection, intensity, timbre or tone), which usually work as resources for the expression of wishes, feelings and needs. In certain circumstances, however, this field can be shaken, affecting the whole mechanism of production of sounds and preventing the verbal expression manifests itself in an appropriate manner. They can be considered functional, when preventing sound controls, but involve only peripheral organs. This can be called organic, on the other hand, when they involve the commitment of the central nervous system.

In short, there are several reasons for a child to have a speech disorder. If you want to get your speech problems fixed, then you should consult with your doctor to get to know more about this ailment.

How to get your speech problems fixed

It is true that we change the mode of our speech when dealing with children, adding an exaggeration on vocal inflection and talking louder to make it more understandable to them. As the child grows, the adult tends to ameliorate these modifications while talking to them. So, go on reading and get your speech problems fixed. Many theories claimed that babies acquire the spoken language through imitation or conditioning, based on the perspective of language. According to experts, this is a phenomenon outside the system of habits generated as response to stimuli and fixed through repetition. We know that the child also needs environmental stimuli, that is, they should learn from the nature and through education in the agreed purpose of language acquisition. Many children have delays in speech, problems with growth or even stutter, and have a normal intelligence, with a good hearing and understanding to what is spoken. On average, they begin to talk to one year of age, but some of them may show difficulties while pronouncing words from an early age.

Most people begin to stutter when they are learning to talk. Experts say that a child who does not have brain disorders or aphasias suffers from a speech disorder as a consequence of the lack of stimuli from the environment in which he lives. The child has no need to talk because parents have already responded to what she wants with just a look or a gesture, and this undermines all development of speech and language. About a year and a half, the child already starts uttering words and is estimated that from the second year the clarity of speech begins to arise. The child should be encouraged to speak and can never be said that she’s speaking incorrectly, just teach her exemplifying the proper way.
The factors that lead children to present difficulties in speech can be organic and/or cognitive, psychological or cortical. When this delay does not come from any of these causes, it can certainly be attributed to socio-cultural factors, i.e. the child present in a stimulating environment and without good examples of speech.

When a child reaches six years (maximum age for the acquisition of sounds) difficulties to speak must be brought to a speech evaluation. The child who is left all day watching television and in poor conditions for the full development of their speech and communication can lead to speech disorder. This is because it remains static for a long time and without stimulus to communicate with others. Several audiologists have developed a practical method by means of audiovisual resources for children with difficulty in speech, narrating and demanding that they repeat phrases and words of their daily lives. It is an exercise in oral communication that maintains a continuous stimulation in the speech area of the brain. Occasionally, speech disorders or pathology is generally genetic and the reason for this is unknown.

About 5% of children coming into first grade have evident speech disorders, but mostly they could be treated with the assistance of a speech therapist or speech pathologist. This way you can get your speech problems fixed.

An introduction to speech disorder

Some can improve and develop with help from parents and schools. However, others will continue to have problems. The communication disorders include disorders of speech and language disorders. You have to learn more about this condition to Get your speech problems fixed!

Let’s discuss some cases and go through general guidance. These guidelines will aid you determine if your child needs to be examined by an audiologist. A child who suffers from speech disorder may encounter difficulty with fluency, voice, articulation or any combination of these.

Let us go through speech disorders and emission of sounds. Articulation helps people in the physical generation of vocal sounds. A child who suffers from this disability will have difficulty in articulating certain sounds. This makes the child does not understand words and expressions.

There are three types of articulation problems. They are: omissions, replacements and distortions. The term omission is a condition that the sounds in words and phrases can be completely left out. For example: “I’m going to paa and coa don bus” (I go to school by bus), or “I liiim rding” (I read a book).
Replacements: a sound incorrect (usually easier) is used instead of the right.

Distortions: the child tries to get the sound right, but cannot produce it clearly. For example, a/s/whistle sound, or the air coming out of the sides of the mouth, makes a sound Middle frill (with saliva on the sides), or, the tongue can push between the teeth causing a “baba front.”

At this stage, it is important to learn more about the causes of this condition. For most children, the cause of clutter speech sound is unknown. Other disorders of speech sounds can be linked to things like difficulty in controlling the movements of the mouth, hearing loss, and problems with the teeth, cleft palate or neurological ailments that can impact the articulation including cerebral palsy.

Oral Apraxia: It is the effort in creating voluntary motions of the tongue and the lips or the combination of movements including those required to make the speech sounds. As a result, speech can be hard to generate or have several contradictory articulation problems; Dysarthria can happen due to poor condition, weakness or paralysis caused to the mouth muscles. This can make the slow, inaccurate, clumsy, or hyper nasal if the sound is coming through the nose.

You should worry if your child has some of the following symptoms:

If the child does not gibber utilizing consonant sounds (specially B, D, M, n), at the age of 8 or 9 months;

If the child does not produce a word other than MOM or dad in 12 months;
If the child mainly uses vowel sounds and gestures to communicate after 18 months;
If the child cannot follow the conversation of other people, at the age of 3;
In case, the child is leaving out, replacing, or distort sounds after 7 years of age;

Sometimes, it is difficult to get your speech problems fixed. But, with proper care and attention from the parents and teachers, a child could improve his verbal conditions.